The U.S. state of Alaska is divided into 19 organized boroughs and one Unorganized Borough. Alaska and Louisiana are the only states that do not call their first-order administrative subdivisions counties (Louisiana uses parishes instead).
Use of the term ” borough ” was a controversial part of Alaska’s Constitutional plan and debated at length by the delegates. It was adopted largely to avoid legal and political connotations of the traditional county . Alaska’s boroughs were intended to be more versatile and powerful than counties .
As of 2020, there are currently 3,143 counties and county-equivalents in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. If the 100 county equivalents in the U.S. territories are counted, then the total is 3,243 counties and county-equivalents in the United States.
Top 100 Jobs Relatively More Common in Alaska Than Elsewhere
|Rank||Job||Local Popularity Index|
|1||Zoologists and wildlife biologists||45.6|
|2||Geological and petroleum technicians||30.5|
|3||Airline pilots , copilots, and flight engineers||29.3|
|4||Material moving workers||20.2|
In addition to Louisiana and Alaska having no counties, there are two states, Connecticut and Rhode Island , that are divided into geographic regions called counties, but those counties do not have functioning governments, as defined by the Census Bureau.
The word ” borough ” indeed derives from the Old English “burh”, and is state to be “Cognate with Dutch burg, German Burg, Swedish borg, Persian bur.” In the US, a ” borough ” is a unit of government within a state.
More than half of Alaska’s people live in the metropolitan area of its largest city, Anchorage. Major Cities: Anchorage is the largest city, with nearly 320,000 people living in or near it. Alaska Facts Alaska Interior. Alaska Panhandle. Aleutian Islands. Arctic Alaska . The Bush. Kenai Peninsula. Mat-Su Valley. North Slope.
Fastest-Growing Cities By Population Growth Austin, Texas. Austin is the fastest-growing city in the United States in the amount of people moving there each year. Miami, Florida . Seattle, Washington. Henderson, Nevada. Denver, Colorado.
The 10 States with the largest Black population are Florida, Texas, New York, Georgia, California, North Carolina, Illinois, Maryland, Virginia, and Ohio. Combined, these 10 States represent 58% of the total Black population .
At 25.992 square miles of land area, Arlington, Va. is the smallest county in the U.S. that manages its own affairs. Three other counties get the size right, but each fails to pass the self-government test. They don’t come smaller than Kalawao County , located on the island of Molokaʻi in Hawaii.
There are 41 independent cities in the United States. Of these, 38 are in Virginia. They are called ‘independent’ because they are not in the territory of any county or counties .
County governments were originally created by the state to give citizens greater access to government services. Counties remain an arm of state government and carry out the many services that are mandated by the state and federal governments. Counties exist to help enhance the lives of their citizens.
A County executive, County manager or County mayor is the head of the executive branch of government in a United States county.