Arctic Alaska or Far North Alaska is a region of the U.S. state of Alaska generally referring to the northern areas on or close to the Arctic Ocean. It commonly includes North Slope Borough, Northwest Arctic Borough, Nome Census Area, and is sometimes taken to include parts of the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area.
In the United States, the Arctic Circle passes through Alaska , and the Bureau of Land Management has marked this location with a sign. The sign is located at the Arctic Circle Wayside off the Dalton Highway, at about Milepost 115, which is a rest stop and campground.
Reaching Alaska itself by car is possible by multiple means, but to reach the Arctic Circle proper, you will need to travel the Alaska Highway, which connects British Columbia to Delta Junction, Alaska , outside of Fairbanks. From Fairbanks, you can drive to the Arctic Circle via the Dalton Highway.
The U.S. is one of eight nations surrounding the Arctic — along with Canada , Denmark , Finland, Iceland, Norway , Russia and Sweden — that are all currently jostling for ownership of the region’s frozen seas.
Alaska is bordered by Canada (by the Canadian provinces of Yukon Territory and British Columbia) to the east, and it shares a maritime border with Russia to the west. The state’s nickname is “The Last Frontier.” The history of Alaska dates back to the Upper Paleolithic period.
approximately 66°30′ N.
Only four million people live north of the Arctic Circle due to the climate; nonetheless, some areas have been settled for thousands of years by indigenous peoples, who today make up 10% of the region’s population.
Polar bears occur throughout the northern polar region. In the winter, polar bears in Alaska are found as far south as St. Lawrence Island and occasionally move down to St. In the summer, bears are most abundant around the edge of the pack ice in the Chukchi Sea and Arctic Ocean.
Portions of the Dalton Highway may be temporarily closed due to road work or inclement weather. Traveling this farthest-north road involves real risks and challenges, and it can be dangerous , because the highway is essentially just a gravel road, reduced to zero visibility, enormous potholes and extreme Arctic weather.
The Dalton Highway, a.k.a., the “haul road”, is 414 miles long and connects the Elliott Highway (north of Fairbanks ) to Deadhorse , Alaska — the farthest north you can drive on Alaska’s road system.
(About one-fifth of Russia’s landmass is north of the Arctic Circle.) The main goals of Russia in its Arctic policy are to utilize its natural resources, protect its ecosystems, use the seas as a transportation system in Russia’s interests, and ensure that it remains a zone of peace and cooperation.
The Canadian territory of Nunavut lies closest to the North Pole. Greenland , the world’s largest island and an independent country within the Kingdom of Denmark , is also close to the pole.
The North Pole and surrounding waters are international According to The Copenhagen Post, the government of Denmark has officially stated its intention to claim the North Pole for the Kingdom of Denmark . If they have, that’s because the North Pole doesn’t belong to any nation.