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|3||Fairbanks North Star Borough||99,072|
|4||Kenai Peninsula Borough||58,464|
The U.S. state of Alaska is divided into 19 organized boroughs and one Unorganized Borough. Alaska and Louisiana are the only states that do not call their first-order administrative subdivisions counties (Louisiana uses parishes instead).
Use of the term ” borough ” was a controversial part of Alaska’s Constitutional plan and debated at length by the delegates. It was adopted largely to avoid legal and political connotations of the traditional county . Alaska’s boroughs were intended to be more versatile and powerful than counties .
Though most well known as the southern terminus for the trans- Alaska oil pipeline, Valdez is also a prime destination for travelers. Valdez is located on a wedge of flat land on the north shore of Port Valdez , a deep-water fjord, and is a 305-mile road trip east of Anchorage and 364-mile drive south of Fairbanks.
The U.S. state of Alaska is not in counties, as 48 other states are (Louisiana has parishes instead). It is in boroughs. Many of the more densely populated parts of the state are in Alaska’s eighteen organized boroughs, which are somewhat similar to counties in other states.
Anchorage is the large and cosmopolitan centre of Alaska. While not the capital of the state, it is the major gateway for many visitors. With a population of approximately 300,000 people the city is a springboard to the countryside and wildlife and focal point for the train and travel around the vast state.
In addition to Louisiana and Alaska having no counties, there are two states, Connecticut and Rhode Island , that are divided into geographic regions called counties, but those counties do not have functioning governments, as defined by the Census Bureau.
The states of Rhode Island and Connecticut do not have county governments at all—counties are geographic, not political. The number and size of counties varies from state to state. Texas has 254 counties, while Delaware has only three.
The word ” borough ” indeed derives from the Old English “burh”, and is state to be “Cognate with Dutch burg, German Burg, Swedish borg, Persian bur.” In the US, a ” borough ” is a unit of government within a state.
More than half of Alaska’s people live in the metropolitan area of its largest city, Anchorage. Major Cities: Anchorage is the largest city, with nearly 320,000 people living in or near it. Alaska Facts Alaska Interior. Alaska Panhandle. Aleutian Islands. Arctic Alaska . The Bush. Kenai Peninsula. Mat-Su Valley. North Slope.
The Trans Alaska Pipeline System was designed and constructed to move oil from the North Slope of Alaska to the northern most ice-free port in Valdez, Alaska.
Valdez , Alaska has the distinction of being the snowiest town in Alaska . The annual average snowfall is 305.8 inches.
A patronymic surname meaning son of Baldo (from the German bald, “brave”); Baldo is a shortened form of Baltazar, one of the three magi. One who came from Valdéz (tableland), translated literally as “from the valley.”