Down from a peak population of 6,000, the island recorded a 2010 census population of 326 residents, all in the city of Adak , in the northern part of the island .
Harsh winds and cold temperatures make Adak Island an inhospitable land, however it has been home to Aleut peoples since ancient times. Although the town of Adak was incorporated with the former base, many structures were left abandoned .
The former Navy Air Facility Adak is located off the Alaskan mainland near the center of the Aleutian chain, approximately 1,200 miles west-southwest of Anchorage, Alaska . Adak Island’s coordinates are latitude 51°53’0″ N, at longitude 176° 38’46” W.
The narrowest distance between mainland Russia and mainland Alaska is approximately 55 miles. The stretch of water between these two islands is only about 2.5 miles wide and actually freezes over during the winter so you could technically walk from the US to Russia on this seasonal sea ice.
Attu (Aleut: Atan, Russian: Атту) is an island in the Near Islands (part of the Aleutian Islands chain). It is the westernmost point of the U.S. state of Alaska. The island became uninhabited in 2010, making it the largest uninhabited island in the United States.
The country is spectacular, and the animals abundant if you can find them. With the no limit, open all year season on cows, Adak makes a good meat hunt. There are no bears or fox to threaten your meat, only eagles.
Diameter: East to west, 2,400 miles; north to south , 1,420 miles. Coastline: 6,640 miles, point to point; as measured on the most detailed maps available, including islands, Alaska has 33,904 miles of shoreline.
Located about 1,400 air miles southwest of Anchorage, Adak Naval Base remained active until the late 1990s. It is one of eight National Historic Landmarks in Alaska that was designated to commemorate the World War II in Alaska .
Nine military bases are in Alaska . Fort Wainwright, Elmendorf AFB, and Fort Richardson are the largest bases in Alaska , each averaging about 6,000 military personnel. The Navy and Marine Corps do not have any bases here.