Sir Walter Raleigh and Henry Hudson were notable British explorers who established early settlements in Virginia and New York. The search for a northwest passage to Asia and the burgeoning fur trade in Europe drove the French to explore and settle North America.
For the early French explorers, the more continent they discovered the more their hopes were frustrated. They had hoped that the vast St. Lawrence- Great Lakes waterway was part of a Northwest Passage to the wealth of the Orient. They were eager to hear word of salt water and strange people to the west.
What was a consequence of the growth in population that occurred in the American colonies in the early 1700s ? The gap between the rich and poor became wider.
Interesting Facts. Russia controlled most of the area that is now Alaska from the late 1700s until 1867, when it was purchased by U.S. Secretary of State William Seward for $7.2 million, or about two cents an acre.
1) We are the biggest state in the United States by a long shot. 2) We have 17 out of the 20 highest peaks in the United States . 3) We have over 3,000 rivers and 3 million lakes. We also have the biggest lake in the U.S., Lake Iliamna.
Why did the Spanish crown continue to finance the Florida colony even after the explorers failed to find a passage to Asia? Spain could use Florida as a base to protect its’ nearby colonies from the French since it was next to the major Spain /Carribean trade route.
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec, on the St. Lawrence River in Canada. Quebec was the first French settlement in North America .
Explorers and conquistadors brought many new plants to the Americas . They brought European crops such as barley and rye. They brought wheat, which was originally from the Middle East . They brought plants that had originally come from Asia, including sugar, bananas, yams, citrus fruit, coffee, rice, and sugarcane.
Samuel de Champlain
Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism.
How were the Dutch and French colonies different from the Enflish colonies in North America? THe English colonies were more populated; while the Dutch and French colonies were established mainly for commerical reasons, New England was begun for religious reasons.
The Jesuit missionaries who came to New France in the seventeenth century aimed to both convert native peoples such as the Huron to Christianity and also to instill European values within them.
Colonial America had regional differences for establishment of each colony . The southern colonies were established as economic ventures, seeking natural resources to provide wealth to the mother country and themselves. In contrast, the early New England colonists were primarily religious reformers and Separatists.
The first colony was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. Many of the people who settled in the New World came to escape religious persecution. The Pilgrims, founders of Plymouth, Massachusetts, arrived in 1620. In both Virginia and Massachusetts, the colonists flourished with some assistance from Native Americans .