On August 16, 1896, Carmack , along with Jim Mason and Dawson Charlie —both Tagish First Nation members—discovered Yukon gold on Rabbit Creek (later renamed Bonanza Creek), a Klondike River tributary that ran through both Alaskan and Yukon Territory. Little did they know their discovery would spur a massive gold rush.
Discovery at Sutter’s Mill On January 24, 1848, James Wilson Marshall, a carpenter originally from New Jersey, found flakes of gold in the American River at the base of the Sierra Nevada Mountains near Coloma, California .
Gold Discovered in California. Many people in California figured gold was there, but it was James W. Marshall on January 24, 1848, who saw something shiny in Sutter Creek near Coloma, California. He had discovered gold unexpectedly while overseeing construction of a sawmill on the American River.
As a result of the mining rushes of the late 1890s, Alaska’s population grew from 4,298 whites in 1890 to 30,293 in 1900 as hopeful miners pushed north in search of riches. When the miners arrived, fur companies were the major power in the north. The gold rush also affected Alaska Natives.
Gold is found and has been mined throughout Alaska ; except in the vast swamps of the Yukon Flats, and along the North Slope between the Brooks Range and the Beaufort Sea. Areas near Fairbanks and Juneau, and Nome are responsible for most of Alaska’s historical and all current gold production.
1. Twenty-five miles northeast of Fairbanks the Fort Knox Mine is the largest gold producer in Alaska and produces 900 ounces of gold per day. 2. The Pogo Mine near Delta Junction produces 400,000 ounces of gold per year and is an underground mining operation.
The metal is abundant enough to create coins but rare enough so that not everyone can produce them. Gold doesn’t corrode, providing a sustainable store of value , and humans are physically and emotionally drawn to it. Societies and economies have placed value on gold , thus perpetuating its worth.
During the formation of Earth, molten iron sank to its centre to make the core. This took with it the vast majority of the planet’s precious metals — such as gold and platinum. In fact, there are enough precious metals in the core to cover the entire surface of Earth with a four-metre thick layer.
Gold gets its name from the Anglo-Saxon word “geolo” for yellow. The symbol Au comes from the Latin word for gold , “aurum.” Gold has only one naturally occurring stable isotope: gold -197.
Jesse Goins , the avuncular star of the reality series “Gold Rush,” has died suddenly at the age of 60. The gold-room operator was unconscious when he was found Tuesday by a crew member on location in Colorado, a Discovery Channel rep told People on Wednesday. Goins was later pronounced dead at a nearby hospital.
About 244,000 metric tons of gold has been discovered to date (187,000 metric tons historically produced plus current underground reserves of 57,000 metric tons). Most of that gold has come from just three countries: China, Australia , and South Africa . The United States ranked fourth in gold production in 2016.
The below- ground stock of gold reserves is currently estimated to be around 50,000 tonnes, according to the US Geological Survey. To put that in perspective, around 190,000 tonnes of gold has been mined in total, although estimates do vary. Based on these rough figures, there is about 20% still to be mined.