September 9, 1850
Coastal exploration by Spanish began in the 16th century, and settlement by Europeans along the coast and in the inland valleys began in the 18th century. California was ceded to the United States under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the defeat of Mexico in the Mexican–American War.
California became a State as a result of the Mexican-American War, 1846- 1848 . A massive 525,000 square miles of territory above Mexico was ceded to the victorious United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago on February 2, 1848 (the US also paid Mexico $15 million).
The California Republic (Spanish: La República de California), or Bear Flag Republic, was an unrecognized breakaway state from Mexico, that for 25 days in 1846 militarily controlled an area north of San Francisco, in and around what is now Sonoma County in California.
Trist ignored the recall order and negotiated terms that allowed the United States to buy California (north of the Baja Peninsula), as well as what amounted to half of Mexico’s territory for $15 million. On February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in Mexico without President Polk’s knowledge.
Area Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848, minus Texan claims. The Mexican Cession consisted of present-day U.S. states of California , Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona, the western half of New Mexico , the western quarter of Colorado, and the southwest corner of Wyoming.
On June 14, 1846, American settlers in Sonoma rose up against the Mexican authorities who governed the territory and declared the establishment of the independent California Republic.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Ends the Mexican -American War Finally, on Feb. Under the treaty, Mexico also recognized the U.S. annexation of Texas , and agreed to sell California and the rest of its territory north of the Rio Grande for $15 million plus the assumption of certain damages claims.
The Golden State
Like other Northern states, California supplied thousands of soldiers for the Union war effort; California troops were responsible for pushing the Confederate Army out of Arizona and New Mexico in 1862. Additionally, numerous California regiments were organized and joined with state regiments back east.
Garcia Ordonez de Montalvo
After twenty-seven years as part of independent Mexico , California was ceded to the United States in 1848 with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The United States paid Mexico $15 million for the lands ceded.
It’s been a good year for California if the oft-quoted “ best – state ” rankings by U.S. News & World Report mean anything. The state’s robust economy, alluring environment and high-quality healthcare helped it score a No. 19 overall ranking among the states .
It was described as you couldn’t ride on a horse for a mile without seeing ten grizzly bears . And they could be dangerous. So the idea was to put an emblem on the flag that would scare the Mexican authorities, that these people were serious.” Serious as they were, the flag flew for just under a month.
Montalvo’s island of California was named after its Queen , Califia, who is said to have been a beautiful black Moor and pagan. Historian John William Templeton says,”Califia is a part of California history, and she also reinforces the fact that when Cortes named this place California , he had 300 black people with him.”