California became a State as a result of the Mexican-American War, 1846- 1848 . A massive 525,000 square miles of territory above Mexico was ceded to the victorious United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago on February 2, 1848 (the US also paid Mexico $15 million).
On June 14, 1846, American settlers in Sonoma rose up against the Mexican authorities who governed the territory and declared the establishment of the independent California Republic.
Why were southerners against California’s admission to the Union as a free state? Because they wanted to spread slavery all across the nation. Calhoun wanted slavery in the South . He strongly supported slavery to be allowed anywhere in the nation and for any fugitive slaves to be returned from the North.
Under the Compromise, California was admitted to the Union as a free state; the slave trade was outlawed in Washington, D.C., a strict new Fugitive Slave Act compelled citizens of free states to assist in capturing enslaved people; and the new territories of Utah and New Mexico would permit white residents to decide
Area Mexico ceded to the United States in 1848, minus Texan claims. The Mexican Cession consisted of present-day U.S. states of California , Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona, the western half of New Mexico, the western quarter of Colorado, and the southwest corner of Wyoming.
In 1849, Californians sought statehood and, after heated debate in the U.S. Congress arising out of the slavery issue, California entered the Union as a free , nonslavery state by the Compromise of 1850. California became the 31st state on September 9, 1850.
Trist ignored the recall order and negotiated terms that allowed the United States to buy California (north of the Baja Peninsula), as well as what amounted to half of Mexico’s territory for $15 million. On February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in Mexico without President Polk’s knowledge.
Montalvo’s island of California was named after its Queen , Califia, who is said to have been a beautiful black Moor and pagan. Historian John William Templeton says,”Califia is a part of California history, and she also reinforces the fact that when Cortes named this place California , he had 300 black people with him.”
Initially, the United States declined to incorporate it into the union, largely because northern political interests were against the addition of a new slave state. Gold was discovered in California just days before Mexico ceded the land to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Like other Northern states, California supplied thousands of soldiers for the Union war effort; California troops were responsible for pushing the Confederate Army out of Arizona and New Mexico in 1862. Additionally, numerous California regiments were organized and joined with state regiments back east.
The Golden State
The state of California was acquired by the United States as part of the Mexican Cession – the land ceded by Mexico to the US in 1848, at the end of the Mexican-American War. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war, and gave territory to the US .
California’s request for statehood caused alarm among southerners because California’s new constitution forbid slavery. To satisfy the North, the compromise provided that California would be admitted as a free state. To satisfy the South, the compromise proposed a new and more effective fugitive slave law.
California ‘s involvement in the American Civil War included sending gold east to support the war effort, recruiting volunteer combat units to replace regular U.S. Army units sent east, in the area west of the Rocky Mountains, maintaining and building numerous camps and fortifications, suppressing secessionist activity
Summarize the South’s reaction to California’s request for admission to the Union . In both cases, the states believed that they could declare a law passed by congress illegal, but they could not.