The United States won the war and Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. The treaty gave the U.S. lands that would become the states of Arizona, California , New Mexico , Nevada, Utah, southwestern Colorado, and southwestern Wyoming. Mexico received 15 million dollars and gave up its claims to Texas.
Mexico ceded nearly all the territory now included in the U.S. states of New Mexico , Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California , Texas, and western Colorado for $15 million and U.S. assumption of its citizens’ claims against Mexico . Read more about the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Trist ignored the recall order and negotiated terms that allowed the United States to buy California (north of the Baja Peninsula), as well as what amounted to half of Mexico’s territory for $15 million. On February 2, 1848 , the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in Mexico without President Polk’s knowledge.
With the defeat of its army and the fall of its capital in September 1847, Mexico entered into negotiations with the U.S. peace envoy, Nicholas Trist, to end the war. The treaty called for the United States to pay US$15 million to Mexico and to pay off the claims of American citizens against Mexico up to US $5 million .
Santa Anna refused to sell a large portion of Mexico, but he needed money to fund an army to put down ongoing rebellions, so on December 30, 1853 he and Gadsden signed a treaty stipulating that the United States would pay $15 million for 45,000 square miles south of the New Mexico territory and assume private American
With the Gold Rush came a huge increase in population and a pressing need for civil government. In 1849, Californians sought statehood and, after heated debate in the U.S. Congress arising out of the slavery issue, California entered the Union as a free, nonslavery state by the Compromise of 1850.
January 13, 1847
The land they named “Alta California” was occupied by diverse groups of native people who had inhabited the land for thousands of years. Spanish colonization of “Alta California” began when the Presidio at San Diego, the first permanent European settlement on the Pacific Coast, was established in 1769.
Mexico had claimed a huge part of land, roughly around 5,000,000 kilometers squared.
By its terms, Mexico ceded 55 percent of its territory , including parts of present-day Arizona, California, New Mexico , Texas, Colorado, Nevada, and Utah, to the United States . Mexico relinquished all claims to Texas, and recognized the Rio Grande as the southern boundary with the United States .
Baja California , also called Baja California Norte, estado ( state ), northwestern Mexico, bounded to the north by the United States ( California and Arizona), to the east by the state of Sonora and the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez), to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and to the south by the state of Baja California
Mexico considered the annexation of Texas as an act of war. The pact set a border between Texas and Mexico and ceded California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico , most of Arizona and Colorado, and parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Wyoming to the United States .
The Mexican Cession (Spanish: Cesión mexicana) is the region in the modern-day southwestern United States that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 after the Mexican – American War.
The war officially ended with the February 2, 1848 , signing in Mexico of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The treaty added an additional 525,000 square miles to United States territory, including the land that makes up all or parts of present-day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming.