Baja California , also called Baja California Norte, estado ( state ), northwestern Mexico, bounded to the north by the United States ( California and Arizona), to the east by the state of Sonora and the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez), to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and to the south by the state of Baja California
The Mexican- American War (1846-1848) had major repercussions in Baja California . The original draft of the treaty included Baja California in the sale, but the United States eventually agreed to omit the peninsula because of its proximity to Sonora, which is located just across the narrow Sea of Cortés.
The Baja Peninsula ( Baja California Peninsula ) extends from Tijuana, near the U.S. border, to Cabo San Lucas – approximately 747 miles, (1202 km). It’s divided into two Mexican states; Baja California Norte (north), and Baja California Sur (south).
Is Baja California safe ? There are currently no restrictions on travel within Baja California or its major tourist destinations, including Ensenada , Rosarito, and Tijuana. There has been criminal activity and violence in Baja California . However, these incidents have been between criminal organizations and gangs.
The advisory lists a “level 2” warning for Baja California and Baja California Sur, recommending that travelers “exercise increased caution due to crime” when visiting these states. There equally are no restrictions for travel to the Baja California Sur tourist areas of Cabo San Lucas, San Jose del Cabo, and La Paz.
U.S. citizens must present a valid U.S. passport book or card, in addition to an entry permit (Forma Migratoria Multiple or FMM) issued by Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM).
Southern Baja is known to be the safest place in all of México. There have been no major problems, attributed to the drug war, in any area of Southern Baja . If you are driving , it is impossible to avoid the border area and the big cities in northern Baja , so there are some precautions you should take.
Initially, the United States declined to incorporate it into the union, largely because northern political interests were against the addition of a new slave state. Gold was discovered in California just days before Mexico ceded the land to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Santa Anna refused to sell a large portion of Mexico, but he needed money to fund an army to put down ongoing rebellions, so on December 30, 1853 he and Gadsden signed a treaty stipulating that the United States would pay $15 million for 45,000 square miles south of the New Mexico territory and assume private American
Tijuana is the most dangerous city in the world, according to a report by the Citizens’ Council for Public Security and Criminal Justice. The Los Angeles Times reports that five cities in Mexico are among the most dangerous in the world.
The climate is dry , but its proximity of the Pacific Ocean provides humidity and moderates the temperature.
Baja California Sur’s glorious colonial past has made it a center for historical architecture and traditional art forms, and it’s also a great place to surf and fish. Since Baja California Sur occupies the southern end of a peninsula, overland travel to the rest of Mexico is time-consuming.
The Cabo San Lucas travel advisory points out that “there are no restrictions on travel for U.S. government employees in Baja California Sur, which includes tourist areas in: Cabo San Lucas , San Jose del Cabo , and La Paz.” When it comes to how safe is Cabo San Lucas , the U.S. government recognizes that it’s a secure
The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican –American War. The western portion of Alta California was then organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850.