common California grizzly bear
In California , it was particularly admired for its beauty, size, and strength. The grizzly became a symbol of the Bear Flag Republic, a moniker that was attached to the short-lived attempt by a group of American settlers to break away from Mexico in 1846.
Reasons for extinction: As the human population of California increased conflicts between bears and humans escalated with the bears killing livestock and attacking settlers. The bears were hunted and killed for sport but also captured and used in bear and bull fights.
state of California
It’s a recognizable flag : a grizzly bear walks on a patch of grass towards a red, five-pointed star, while a matching red stripe runs along the bottom. “ California Republic,” it reads. Though formally adopted in 1911 as the official state flag , its origins date back to a short-lived revolt in 1846.
Historic Bear Flag raised at Sonoma on June 14, 1846, by a group of American settlers in revolt against Mexican rule. The flag was designed by William Todd on a piece of new unbleached cotton. The star imitated the lone star of Texas. A grizzly bear represented the many bears seen in the state.
Grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) today are endangered. Their range once ran from Alaska down to Mexico and from California to the Great Plains. Today they are only found in Washington, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Alaska and western Canada. There are multiple kinds (subspecies) of grizzly bears .
The United States won the war and Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. The treaty gave the U.S. lands that would become the states of Arizona, California , New Mexico , Nevada, Utah, southwestern Colorado, and southwestern Wyoming. Mexico received 15 million dollars and gave up its claims to Texas.
Peter Alagona, an associate professor of history and environmental studies at the University of California , Santa Barbara, is convinced that one day grizzlies can return to California . “Reintroduction is possible,” he says. “Absolutely possible.”
There are currently about 55,000 wild grizzly bears located throughout North America, 30,000 of which are found in Alaska . Only around 1,500 grizzlies remain in the lower 48 United States. Of these, around 800 are found in Montana. About 600 more live in Wyoming, in the Yellowstone-Teton area.
In American folklore, the Golden Bear was a large golden Ursus arctos. The grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) and the Kodiak bear are North American subspecies of the brown bear. A great Golden Bear was reported in the area of Turner, Kansas.
Mexican officials had been concerned about a coming war with the United States and the growing influx of Americans into California . The name ” California Republic ” appeared only on the flag the insurgents raised in Sonoma. It indicated their aspiration of forming a republican government under their control.
13. Thirty-One Star U.S. Flag . The Gold Rush that began with the discovery of the precious metal in 1848 helped fast-track California to statehood in 1850. California became the 31st star on the American flag the following July 4.