Colorado River , major river of North America, rising in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado , U.S., and flowing generally west and south for 1,450 miles (2,330 kilometres) into the Gulf of California in northwestern Mexico.
1 450 миль
озеро перевала Ла-Пудр
Seven western states and Mexico share the waters of the Colorado River Basin. What are the seven western states that have interests in the Colorado River ? The Colorado River Basin states are: Arizona, California, Colorado , Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.
There are two Colorado Rivers in this world. There is the Colorado that everyone knows, having carved its way through millennia of rock to create the grandest of canyons. Then, there is the other Colorado ; it carves its way entirely through Texas. So far, its waters still flow to the Gulf of Mexico.
In 1922, the states and the federal government created the Colorado River compact, which divided the Colorado River Basin into the Upper (Wyoming, Utah, Colorado , and New Mexico) and Lower (Nevada, California, and Arizona) Basin; each basin receiving 7.5 million MAF of water rights entitlements.
Scientists with the U.S. Geological Survey found that the loss of snowpack due to higher temperatures plays a major role in driving the trend of the river’s dwindling flow.
Much of the water in the Colorado River and its tributaries originates as snow. As temperatures rise and demand grows, the water supply declines. Even if more snow and rain fell, it wouldn’t necessarily all end up in the river . Plants will suck up more water, and it will evaporate quicker.
At least, that’s how it had been for millennia― but not anymore. The Colorado River no longer reaches the Gulf, and instead peters out of existence miles short of the sea. Two factors have conspired to turn this once mighty river into a trickle: climate change and overuse by the very states that rely on its waters.
Completing a 53-day journey through its Delta, the Colorado River reaches the tidal zone of the Sea of Cortez (Gulf of California).
The Colorado begins at La Poudre Pass in the Southern Rocky Mountains of Colorado, at 10,184 ft ( 3,104 m ) above sea level. After a short run south, the river turns west below Grand Lake, the largest natural lake in the state.
The water flows through and turns the turbines and then flows out into the Colorado River . Because the water intake is significantly below the surface of Lake Powell, the water coming out of the outflow is significantly colder than surface temperatures.
States in the River Basin have control over the flow and consumption of Colorado River water. Thus, the top 5 consumers of water from the river are California , Colorado, Arizona , New Mexico , and Utah .
A river that does not run dry at any time of year is carrying surplus water from precipitation that collects in the permeable rocks of hills and mountains that surround the watershed. These rivers get their water out of the mountains, and it is more than what can evaporate or percolate into the ground further down.
According to Texas Parks and Wildlife officials, it’s not uncommon for alligators to inhabit parts of the Colorado River . Indicators include any gators that charge humans, especially when they leave the water, and those who have killed livestock or pets.