The 21 California missions, listed in the order they were founded, are: ( 1769) Mission San Diego de Alcalá ( 1770) Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo . ( 1771) Mission San Antonio de Padua . ( 1771) Mission San Gabriel. ( 1772) Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa . ( ( (
approximately 30 miles
Franciscan priests established 21 missions between 1769 and 1833 in Alta California, accompanied by military outposts. Their goal was to spread Christianity among the local Native Americans.
Mission San Diego de Alcalá
One bore the date of 1723, and the other that of 1767. The third bell still hangs at the San Diego Mission and bears a date of 1738. All missions at their founding were to have two bells , one presumably for devotions and the other for the day’s routine, but all missions in time had as many as eight.
San Miguel Archángel
Mission San Francisco Solano
The San Juan Capistrano City Council recently approved plans to use a portion of public land to build a cultural center honoring the area’s Native American tribe, the Juaneño Band of Mission Indians, Acjachemen Nation.
First Spanish colonies Settlements in Loreto, Baja California Sur, were established in 1697, but it was not until the threat of incursion by Russian fur traders and potentially settlers, coming down from Alaska in 1765, that Spain , under King Charles III, felt development of more northern installations was necessary.
Diseases brought by Spanish missionaries killed many American Indians. American Indians were moved to the coast to make room for the missionaries. Fighting broke out among American Indians over trade with the missionaries. American Indians starved because buffalo were wiped out by the missionaries.
Father Junipero Serra
The Spanish invaded their lands in the late 1700’s and forced the Chumash to convert to Christianity become slave-like ‘Mission Indians’. The harsh treatment by the Spanish and then the Mexicans led to the short-lived Chumash Revolt of 1824.
The first mission in Texas was established in 1632 near present-day San Angelo. It was a follow-up effort to an initial 1629 missionary trip to the area at the request of the Jumano Indians, which was the first journey into Texas specifically for Christian evangelization.