Named for Sitka Sound in Alaska , the Sitka spruce is the tallest conifer in the world. Moist ocean air and summer fog are the main factors that account for Sitka spruce’s large growth. Sitka spruce trees provide good roosting spots for bald eagles and peregrine falcons.
Conifers, cone-bearing trees such as hemlock, and spruce, seem to be everywhere. In reality, they cover a bit over half of southeast Alaska. Western hemlock (70 percent) and Sitka spruce (20 percent) are the most abundant.
We are famous for the Iditarod, gold mining, sourdough, the Alaska Railroad, aviation, Alaska Native heritage, homesteading, world-class fishing and seafood, outdoor adventures, fresh air, and a slower, more self-sufficient way of life.” “I’d say Alaska is famous for its salmon, its size and the wildness of it all.
Sitka spruce is valued for its wood, which is light, soft, and relatively strong and flexible. It is used for general construction, ship building and plywood. The wood has excellent acoustic properties and is used to make sounding boards in pianos and other musical instruments such as violins and guitars.
The Last Frontier
Quaking aspen is a minor but widespread forest type of interior Alaska . The species occurs throughout boreal and subboreal Alaska , excluding the western half of the Alaska Peninsula and portions of the Alaska Panhandle [42,88].
One of the most significant places where fossil redwoods have been found in the Far North is on St. Lawrence Island, in the Bering Sea, midway between Alaska and Siberia.
There are no trees or shrubs, and only two species of flowering plants are found: Antarctic hair grass (Deschampsia antarctica ) and Antarctic pearlwort (Colobanthus quitensis). There are around 100 species of mosses, 25 species of liverworts, 300 to 400 species of lichens and 20-odd species of macro-fungi.
Reindeer Sausage . Native Alaskans have preserved game meats for decades. Anything Salmon . With such an abundance of wild salmon , it’s not hard to see why the pink fish makes the list of quintessential Alaskan dishes. Kaladi Brothers Coffee. Fish and Chips. Berry Cobbler. King Crab Legs .
Alaskans believe that their state flower , the alpine forget-me-not (Myosotis alpestris) is symbolic of the spirit of the state’s pioneers; after all, they were the ones who originally selected the small, blue-flowering perennial to represent their new home.
The state flag of Alaska displays eight gold stars, forming the Big Dipper and Polaris, on a dark blue field. The Big Dipper is an asterism in the constellation Ursa Major which symbolizes a bear, an animal indigenous to Alaska .
Religious Demographics of Alaska A survey conducted by Pew Research Center revealed that a majority (79%) of Alaskans were Christians. Of this, Protestantism was the largest Christian sect with Evangelical Protestants making up 26% of the population, Mainline Protestants at 19%, and Black Protestants at 2%.
Alaska is cold , very cold . Alaska has the coldest winters, the coldest summers, the longest winter, the most freezing degree days, and on and on. Temperatures in the -30°s and -40°s are a near daily occurrence from November through March in the interior portion of the state. There is a very simple reason for this.
With its snowy mountains, cold temperatures, dense forests and vast tundras, Alaska’s terrain tends to attract a rather hardy, adventure-seeking crowd. Of course, those residents will also be the first to tell you that their state’s unique beauty and abundant wildlife make the cold winters well worth it.