On June 14, 1846, American settlers in Sonoma rose up against the Mexican authorities who governed the territory and declared the establishment of the independent California Republic.
Coastal exploration by Spanish began in the 16th century, and settlement by Europeans along the coast and in the inland valleys began in the 18th century. California was ceded to the United States under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the defeat of Mexico in the Mexican–American War .
Trist ignored the recall order and negotiated terms that allowed the United States to buy California (north of the Baja Peninsula), as well as what amounted to half of Mexico’s territory for $15 million. On February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in Mexico without President Polk’s knowledge.
Initially, the United States declined to incorporate it into the union, largely because northern political interests were against the addition of a new slave state. Gold was discovered in California just days before Mexico ceded the land to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
In 1849, Californians sought statehood and, after heated debate in the U.S. Congress arising out of the slavery issue, California entered the Union as a free, nonslavery state by the Compromise of 1850. California became the 31st state on September 9, 1850.
Montalvo’s island of California was named after its Queen , Califia, who is said to have been a beautiful black Moor and pagan. Historian John William Templeton says,”Califia is a part of California history, and she also reinforces the fact that when Cortes named this place California , he had 300 black people with him.”
The state of California was acquired by the United States as part of the Mexican Cession – the land ceded by Mexico to the US in 1848, at the end of the Mexican-American War. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war, and gave territory to the US .
Santa Anna refused to sell a large portion of Mexico, but he needed money to fund an army to put down ongoing rebellions, so on December 30, 1853 he and Gadsden signed a treaty stipulating that the United States would pay $15 million for 45,000 square miles south of the New Mexico territory and assume private American
On May 13, 1846, the United States Congress declared war on Mexico after a request from President James K. Polk. The U.S. also tried to buy Texas and what was called “ Mexican California” from Mexico , which was seen as an insult by Mexico , before war broke out. Mexico considered the annexation of Texas as an act of war.
In 1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztecs and Mexico became a Spanish colony. For 300 years Spain ruled the land until the early 1800s. At that time the local Mexicans revolted against Spanish rule. Father Miguel Hidalgo declared Mexico’s independence with his famous cry of “Viva Mexico”.
It’s been a good year for California if the oft-quoted “ best – state ” rankings by U.S. News & World Report mean anything. The state’s robust economy, alluring environment and high-quality healthcare helped it score a No. 19 overall ranking among the states .
California’s population is now growing at its slowest rate in more than a century. The California Department of Finance, which monitors the state’s population data, found that from July 1, 2019 to July 1, 2020, California saw a net gain of only 21,200 new residents — a 0.05% growth rate not seen since 1900.
How did once-dominant Mexico lose the Mexican -American War ? Mexico was essentially broke. The country was racked by financial instability as the war began in 1846. America’s blockade of Mexican ports worsened an already difficult situation, as Mexico couldn’t import and export goods, or levy taxes on imports.