British Captain James Cook arrived in the Islands on his third voyage to the Pacific. Commanding the Resolution and Discovery on a mission to explore a Northwest Passage and to plot the transit of Venus, Cook first sighted the islands of O’ahu, then Kaua’i and Ni’ihau on January 18, 1778.
Was Captain Cook really eaten by cannibals? No – the Hawaiian Islanders who killed Captain Cook were not cannibals. They believed that the power of a man was in his bones, so they cooked part of Cook’s body to enable the bones to be easily removed.
In January 1778 , having sailed to Tasmania and other known South Pacific islands, Cook’s two ships, the Resolution and Discovery, reached the unknown Hawaiian Islands. Cook encountered friendly natives who “thought that Cook was a god and that his men were supernatural beings,” according to the Mariner’s Museum.
He named the group “the Sandwich islands” (in honor of the Earl of Sandwich). This name lasted until King Kamehameha I united the islands under his rule in 1819 as the “Kingdom of Hawai’i.”.
On February 14, 1779, Captain James Cook , the great English explorer and navigator, is killed by natives of Hawaii during his third visit to the Pacific island group. Almost one year later, Cook’s two ships returned to the Hawaiian Islands and found a safe harbor in Hawaii’s Kealakekua Bay.
The Hawaiian Islands were first settled as early as 400 C.E., when Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands, 2000 miles away, traveled to Hawaii’s Big Island in canoes. Highly skilled farmers and fishermen , Hawaiians lived in small communities ruled by chieftains who battled one another for territory.
Captain James Cook
Captain James Cook visited the islands on January 18, 1778, and named them the “Sandwich Islands” in honor of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich , who as the First Lord of the Admiralty was one of his sponsors. This name was in use until the 1840s, when the local name “Hawaii” gradually began to take precedence.
Native Hawaiians Are a Race of People In the 2010 Census, 527,077 people reported that they were Native Hawaiian or of a mixed race that includes Native Hawaiian. There may now be as few as 8,000 pure-blood Native Hawaiians remaining in the world.
Cook was attacked and killed in 1779 during his third exploratory voyage in the Pacific while attempting to kidnap the Island of Hawaii’s monarch, Kalaniʻōpuʻu, in order to reclaim a cutter stolen from one of his ships.
Over the years, many other infectious diseases and illnesses such as measles , chicken pox, polio and tuberculosis killed thousands of Hawaiians. By Swanson’s estimates, 1-in-17 Native Hawaiians had died within two years of Cook’s arrival.
Hawaiian, any of the aboriginal people of Hawaii , descendants of Polynesians who migrated to Hawaii in two waves: the first from the Marquesas Islands , probably about ad 400; the second from Tahiti in the 9th or 10th century.
In 1768, when Captain James Cook set sail on the first of three voyages to the South Seas, he carried with him secret orders from the British Admiralty to seek ‘a Continent or Land of great extent’ and to take possession of that country ‘in the Name of the King of Great Britain’.
The goal was to discover a Great Southern Continent, which the British thought encircled the South Pole. The voyage proved that this great land mass was non-existent, and caused the voyagers to cross the Antarctic Circle three times.