On October 27, Sandy briefly weakened to a tropical storm and then restrengthened to a Category 1 hurricane . Its storm surge hit New York City on October 29, flooding streets, tunnels and subway lines and cutting power in and around the city. Damage in the United States amounted to $65 billion (2012 USD).
Effects of Hurricane Sandy in New York
|Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)|
|Satellite image of Sandy at 4:15 p.m. EDT on October 29 as it was about to make landfall on the Jersey Shore|
|(Extratropical after October 29)|
|Highest winds||1-minute sustained: 80 mph (130 km/h) Gusts: 100 mph (155 km/h)|
|Name||Year||Number of deaths|
|New England hurricane of 1938||1938||60|
|1821 Norfolk and Long Island hurricane||1821||17|
– 2 ноября 2012 г.
For a category five hurricane to hit New York City, it would have to form well to the south over a larger expanse of warm water. The hurricane would have to strengthen to levels that only a few hurricanes have ever reached – 175 mph or stronger somewhere east of the Bahamas.
Galveston Hurricane of 1900
A year ago this week, Hurricane Sandy devastated coastal communities from Jamaica to Canada. In the U.S. alone, the storm caused an estimated $65 billion in damages. The Tri-State area was arguably hit the hardest, and some families still haven’t recovered.
Sandy wasn’t getting its energy from warm water below like a normal hurricane , but being fueled from above. The size was “one of the biggest factors in the unusually large amount of surge in the New Jersey and New York coastline,” said Jamie Rhome, the hurricane center’s chief for storm surge.
Forecasters expect ‘above average’ storm activity. 16 named storms are predicted to form in 2020 . There’s a 69% chance for at least one major hurricane to make landfall along U.S. shores. The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to Nov.
As the tropical storm system mixed with cooler air, it lost its hurricane structure but retained its intense winds. It was ultimately dubbed a superstorm , an unofficial designation given to large storms that don’t easily fit into a single classification.
Though generally associated with the central United States, tornadoes occasionally occur in New York City. Such events can occur with little or no warning. Tornadoes are typically caused by powerful thunderstorms, or sometimes accompany tropical storms and hurricanes.
Oct. 29, 2012
But recovering from big emergencies can take five years or longer. Foundations, corporations and the like (PDF) play big roles in assisting the people and communities hurt by disasters. After Sandy, they contributed $328.4 million towards recovery efforts between October 2012 and June 2014.