OVERVIEW: The 800- mile -long Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) is one of the world’s largest pipeline systems, an engineering icon that was the biggest privately funded construction project when constructed in the 1970s.
The 800-mile Trans- Alaska Pipeline system, including pumping stations, connecting pipelines , and the ice-free Valdez Marine Terminal, ended up costing billions. The last pipeline weld was completed on May 31, 1977.
Since the completion of the Trans- Alaska Pipeline System in 1977, the government of the state of Alaska has been reliant on taxes paid by oil producers and shippers. Prior to 1976, Alaska’s personal income tax rate was 14.5 percent—the highest in the United States.
The pipeline in buried in some areas except where there is permafrost, then the pipeline is above ground . The pipeline was built in a zigzag pattern so that it becomes flexible if needed, like during an earthquake. There are more than 800 river and stream crossings and three mountain ranges that the pipeline crosses.
Alaska’s proved crude oil reserves—about 2 billion barrels at the beginning of 2018—were the sixth-largest of any state.
3 to 8 miles per hour
Because the steel expands and shrinks with the weather. if it were a straight pipe line it would pull into. To allow the pipe to move, they’re like an expansion joint in concrete. The pipe will move during changes in weather as the metal expands and contracts.
Alaska Average As of Dec 24, 2020, the average annual pay for a Pipeline Technician in Alaska is $104,518 an year. Just in case you need a simple salary calculator, that works out to be approximately $50.25 an hour. This is the equivalent of $2,010/week or $8,710/month.
Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act
|Enacted by||the 93rd United States Congress|
|Effective||November 16, 1973|
|Statutes at Large||87 Stat. 576|
The Trans Alaska Pipeline System starts in Prudhoe Bay and stretches through rugged and beautiful terrain to Valdez, the northernmost ice-free point in America. The Trans Alaska Pipeline System was designed and constructed to move oil from the North Slope of Alaska to the northern most ice-free port in Valdez, Alaska.
the facts. Air Temperature Range Along Route: -80°F to 95°F. Area Covered by Pipeline System: 16.3 square miles.
In recent years, about 500 oil spills have occurred in the Prudhoe Bay oil fields and along the 800-mile pipeline each year, according to the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, even though the daily “throughput” of oil has declined from about 2 million barrels a day in 1987 to less than half that today.
The first option was a pipeline from the Alaska North Slope through Alaska , the Yukon Territory, and British Columbia, and down to Alberta for a total distance of approx. 1,700 miles.
|Alaska gas pipeline|
|Country||United States, Canada|
|From||Alaska North Slope|