Alaskan mountains, three principal mountain groups of far northwestern North America—the Brooks Range , Alaska Range, and Aleutian Range —found in the U.S. state of Alaska. The mountain ranges of Alaska give their state a rugged and beautiful terrain across its entire expanse.
As a result of plate tectonics, Alaska is an amalgamation of terranes that have collided with the North American craton and have accreted to become part of North America. When terranes collide and accrete, they form a suture, also known as a collision zone, which is made up of weak, crushed rock.
The Brooks Range extends about 600 miles (1,000 km) in an east-west direction across Alaska from the U.S. border with Canada’s Yukon territory to the Chukchi Sea, and it reaches widths of up to 200 miles (300 km).
Alaska Natives increasingly prefer to be known by the names they use in their own languages, such as Inupiaq or Yupik . ” Inuit ” is now the current term in Alaska and across the Arctic, and ” Eskimo ” is fading from use.
American Cordillera Alaska Range North American Cordillera
In 1980, momentum continued to favor the name Denali after the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act changed the park’s name to Denali National Park and Preserve. But the official name of the mountain remained Mount McKinley .
Generally, the ranges included in the Rockies stretch from northern Alberta and British Columbia southward to New Mexico , a distance of some 3,000 miles (4,800 km). In places the system is 300 or more miles wide.
“When it comes to wildlife, Alaska is famous for salmon, moose, caribou, bears, whales, bison, puffins, jellyfish, etc. When it comes to scenery, Alaska is famous for glaciers and fjords, mountains, and more lakes, rivers, and waterways than one could dream of.
Denali , also called Mount McKinley, is the tallest mountain in North America, located in south-central Alaska. With a peak that reaches 6,190 meters (20,310 feet) above sea level, Denali is the third-highest of the Seven Summits (the tallest peaks on all seven continents).
Myth: Arctic Alaska ( Utqiagvik (Barrow), Prudhoe Bay, Kaktovik) is the coldest part of the state. Fact: The Northern Interior (along Brooks Range ) holds the record for the lowest temperature, where the mercury fell to -79.8° F (-62° C) at Prospect Creek in 1971.
Glenn Villeneuve – moved from Burlington, Vermont to Alaska in 1999. He lives alone in Chandalar 200 miles north of Fairbanks, Alaska and 65 miles North of the Arctic Circle.
Diameter: East to west, 2,400 miles; north to south, 1,420 miles. Coastline: 6,640 miles, point to point; as measured on the most detailed maps available, including islands, Alaska has 33,904 miles of shoreline.