Hawai’i has no native land mammals save for the diminutive Hawaiian Hoary Bat, a reclusive and rarely seen creature. Our nearshore waters provide habitat for a number of marine mammals – whales, dolphins, and the endangered Hawaiian Monk Seal.
Its Introduction. So this how the mongoose came to Hawaii. In 1883, 72 small Asian mongooses (i.e., not mongeese ) from Jamaica were brought to the sugar cane fields on the Hamakua Coast of the Big Island. From there, sugar planters bred the mongoose to send offspring to plantations on the other Hawaiian Islands.
There are two main ways for species to make their way to remote islands (aside from any methods involving humans). The first method is by air in the form of flying or being blown by wind , and the second method is by sea while swimming or floating, sometimes with the aid of rafts of tangled vegetation.
When the Polynesians arrived on the islands 1,200 to 1,600 years ago, they brought with them a number of plant and animal species, including taro, sugarcane, coconut palm, pigs , and chickens .
But Hawaii’s land-based wildlife is pretty benign. There are no predators, so the most dangerous creature you could encounter on a hike through Maui’s wilderness might be a startled wild pig or a centipede —which can give a painful sting, but it won’t kill you. No one has ever been maimed by a centipede .
To put it in perspective, Hawaii has no poisonous land snakes, bears, crocodiles , hippos, leopards, komodo dragons, hyenas, lions, tigers, poisonous dart frogs, rhinos, etc.
Rats and mice breed year-round in Hawai’i. The most common rat species associated with complaints in Hawaii are the roof rat (Rattus rattus) and the Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus). The roof rat is an excellent climber and is found inhabiting trees, roof spaces and attics.
No. While the introduction of mongoose to Hawaii is often casually referred to as an example of biological control gone wrong, the introduction of this species by private individuals in the sugarcane industry was not part of any scientific biological control process.
There are no monkeys in Hawaii . Hawaii’s indigenous animals, those that are native to the island, include the hoary bat, the Hawaiian state bird, the
Islands are famous for their exotic plants and animals , from the giant tortoises of the Galápagos to the long-extinct dodos of Mauritius. Island species like these are often unusual, because they evolve in isolation, often without large predators.
The Galapagos sea lion is a species that primarily breeds in the Galapagos Islands , although some breeding colonies also occur on Isla de la Plata just off of mainland Ecuador. They are one of two types of seal found in Galapagos and are part of the eared seal family – having external ear pinnae.
Wildlife Most Likely Seen on the Galapagos Islands Marine Iguana . The Marine Iguana is unique to the Galapagos Islands, and is the only species of iguana that is not land-based. Galapagos Penguin. Galapagos Sea Lions . Magnificent Frigatebird. Sally Lightfoot Crabs. Land Iguanas . Galapagos Green Turtles .
The Marquesans, the first settlers from Polynesia , brought ʻulu (breadfruit) and the Tahitians later introduced the baking banana. Settlers from Polynesia also brought coconuts and sugarcane. Ancient Polynesians sailed the Pacific with pigs, chickens, and Polynesian dogs, and introduced them to the islands.
The Hawaiian Islands were first settled as early as 400 C.E., when Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands, 2000 miles away, traveled to Hawaii’s Big Island in canoes. Shortly afterward, Western traders and whalers came to the islands, bringing with them diseases that devastated the native Hawaiian population.
Invasive Species as a Problem in Hawaii What we refer to as Hawaii’s native plant and animal species are those that arrived here without the assistance of humans: seeds for Hawaii’s first plants arrived here by floating on the waves, being blown by the wind, or transported by traveling birds.