What was the US government’s main impetus for acquiring Hawaii ? Sugar cane and pineapples.
In 1898, the Spanish-American War broke out, and the strategic use of the naval base at Pearl Harbor during the war convinced Congress to approve formal annexation. Two years later, Hawaii was organized into a formal U.S. territory and in 1959 entered the United States as the 50th state.
The United States wanted to use Hawaii as a platform from which they could have a dominant Military presence in the Pacific. It was whaling, sugar and pineapples that first brought Pearl Harbor to America’s attention. U.S. business interests and naval strategists had long coveted the island kingdom.
Liliuokalani , now out of prison, led Indigenous Hawaiians in opposing the annexation treaty. The former Queen wrote letters to American politicians and organized petitions. In September 1897, more than half of all Hawaiians signed petitions against the treaty.
The United States wanted Hawaii to acquire its islands and because it was a port way to China, East India and Asia. Not only did they want the islands, but they wanted their naval base. They wanted their naval base for war so they would have another advantage to help defeat the other country.
ALASKA was a Russian colony from 1744 until the USA bought it in 1867 for $7,200,000. It was made a state in 1959. Hawaii was a kingdom until 1893 and became a republic in 1894. It then ceded itself to the USA in 1898 and became a state in 1959.
Spanish–American War and Newlands Resolution The United States asserted that it had legally annexed Hawaii. Critics argued this was not a legally permissible way to acquire territory under the U.S. Constitution. As well as this, there were continued protests in Hawaii and Washington by supporters of the Kingdom.
On Jan. 17, 1893, Hawaii’s monarchy was overthrown when a group of businessmen and sugar planters forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate. The coup led to the dissolving of the Kingdom of Hawaii two years later, its annexation as a U.S. territory and eventual admission as the 50th state in the union.
America’s annexation of Hawaii in 1898 extended U.S. territory into the Pacific and highlighted resulted from economic integration and the rise of the United States as a Pacific power. During the 1830s, Britain and France forced Hawaii to accept treaties giving them economic privileges.
Why was Hawaii important to the U.S. and how was it annexed by the U.S. ? Important for commercial/economic reasons – sugar plantations, refueling station at Pearl Harbor, on the trade routes to Asia. Military base in the same harbor also.
U.S. military leaders feared potential Japanese occupation of the islands and created a strategic naval base in the center of the Pacific. This provided enough fuel in Congress to pass annexation legislation, in order to save themselves from the perceived “threat of the Asiatics.” Hawaii was annexed in 1898.
Queen Liliuokalani attempted to restore royal powers in 1893 but was placed under house arrest by businessmen with help from the US military. Against the Queen’s wishes, the Republic of Hawaii was formed for a short time. This government agreed on behalf of Hawaii to join the US in 1898 as the Territory of Hawaii.
Some of the positive impacts were that Hawaii gained many resources, the humanity in Hawaii was expanded as well and it gave Hawaii more of an opportunity to be a apart of a democracy and find a way to live new lifestyles. Becoming a state gave Hawaii the chance to explore new ideas and to explore a new environment.
The Queen moved to reclaim some of that power by issuing a new constitution. But planters like Sanford Dole wanted the islands annexed by the United States, to ensure their access to American sugar markets. The Marines landed in 1893, took over government buildings and placed Queen Lili’uokalani under house arrest.