Hawai’i is also the only American state to have two official languages, Hawaiian and English . However, a 3rd unofficial language is also widely spoken, Pidgin which is a slang combining words from many aspects of island life and culture.
The Hawaiian language had been banned from school instruction in 1896, after the U.S. government illegally overthrew the Hawaiian government. And by the time Kimura’s show was on the air, there weren’t many places to formally learn the Hawaiian language , even as a second language .
The current official Hawaiian alphabet consists of 13 letters: five vowels (A a, E e, I i, O o, and U u) and eight consonants (H h, K k, L l, M m, N n, P p, W w, and ʻ). Alphabetic order differs from the normal Latin order in that the vowels come first, then the consonants .
Hawaiian slang is referred to linguistically as Hawaiian Pidgin or Hawaiian Pidgin English. However, despite the name, Hawaiian slang is technically a creole—an entirely new language derived from two or more separate languages. Also known as a patois.
The Hawaiian Language Banned After the annexation of Hawaii as a territory of the United States in 1898, the language was officially banned from schools and the government. Use of the Hawaiian language was even banned at Kamehameha Schools – a private school system reserved only for children of Hawaiian descent.
Being born in Hawai ‘i does not make Hawaiian . Hawaiians are descended from the Polynesian people who discovered the islands and were their original inhabitants. They are the indigenous people of Hawai ‘i. Hawaiians can be born anywhere and are still Hawaiian people, kānaka maoli or kānaka ‘ōiwi.
About Hawaiian diacritical marks The ‘ okina is a glottal stop, similar to the sound between the syllables of “oh-oh.” In print, the correct mark for designating an ‘ okina is the single open quote mark. For example ‘pau,’ depending on placement of ‘ okina and kahako, can mean completed, smudge, moist or skirt.
n. Excreta, dung, feces . See below for many compounds formed with kukae; lepo, dirt, is sometimes a euphemism. Kūkae lio, horse manure; fig., common.
wahine (wah-HEE-neh) – Woman , girl .