In 1898, the Spanish-American War broke out, and the strategic use of the naval base at Pearl Harbor during the war convinced Congress to approve formal annexation . Two years later, Hawaii was organized into a formal U.S. territory and in 1959 entered the United States as the 50th state.
Spanish–American War and Newlands Resolution The United States asserted that it had legally annexed Hawaii. Critics argued this was not a legally permissible way to acquire territory under the U.S. Constitution. As well as this, there were continued protests in Hawaii and Washington by supporters of the Kingdom.
January 16, 1893
Overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom
|Date||January 17, 1893|
|Result||Hawaiian League / United States victory Surrender of the Hawaiian Kingdom Queen Liliʻuokalani relinquishes power Provisional Government, later renamed to Republic, established Hawaii organized into a territory, then a state of the United States|
On January 17, in the year 1893, the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi was illegally overthrown. 12, 1898, Hawaiʻi became a Territory of the United States by annexation, at a formal noontime ceremony held in front of ʻIolani Palace.
ALASKA was a Russian colony from 1744 until the USA bought it in 1867 for $7,200,000. It was made a state in 1959. Hawaii was a kingdom until 1893 and became a republic in 1894. It then ceded itself to the USA in 1898 and became a state in 1959.
On Jan. 17, 1893, Hawaii’s monarchy was overthrown when a group of businessmen and sugar planters forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate. The coup led to the dissolving of the Kingdom of Hawaii two years later, its annexation as a U.S. territory and eventual admission as the 50th state in the union.
The planters’ belief that a coup and annexation by the United States would remove the threat of a devastating tariff on their sugar also spurred them to action. Spurred by the nationalism aroused by the Spanish- American War, the United States annexed Hawaii in 1898 at the urging of President William McKinley.
Meet Abigail Kinoiki Kekaulike Kawananakoa. She’s 91, and beloved by Hawaiians as their “last princess” — the only surviving blood-related member of the former island nation’s royal family .
In Hawaii , the vast majority (70%) of multiracial residents say they are some combination of white, Asian and Native Hawaiian /Pacific Islander.
Queen Liliuokalani attempted to restore royal powers in 1893 but was placed under house arrest by businessmen with help from the US military. Against the Queen’s wishes, the Republic of Hawaii was formed for a short time. This government agreed on behalf of Hawaii to join the US in 1898 as the Territory of Hawaii.
The Hawaiian Islands were first settled as early as 400 C.E., when Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands, 2000 miles away, traveled to Hawaii’s Big Island in canoes. The first European to set foot in Hawaii was Captain James Cook, who landed on the island of Kauai in 1778.
Americans who advocated annexation evinced a variety of motivations: desire for commercial opportunities in Asia, concern that the Filipinos were incapable of self-rule, and fear that if the United States did not take control of the islands, another power (such as Germany or Japan) might do so.