Captain James Cook
On this voyage, he charted present-day Tonga , Easter Island , New Caledonia , the South Sandwich Islands and South Georgia , and disproved the existence of Terra Australis, a fabled southern continent. Cook named the Hawaiian Islands the Sandwich Islands after the Earl of Sandwich, also known as John Montagu.
Exploring different bays and rivers along the way Cook circumnavigated New Zealand and was the first to accurately chart the whole of the coastline. He discovered that New Zealand consisted of two main islands, north (Te Ika a Maui) and south (Te Wai Pounamu) islands (October 1769-March 1770).
ALASKA was a Russian colony from 1744 until the USA bought it in 1867 for $7,200,000. It was made a state in 1959. Hawaii was a kingdom until 1893 and became a republic in 1894. It then ceded itself to the USA in 1898 and became a state in 1959.
Just like if you were ethnically Filipino living in Japan , you would never be called a Japanese . Native Hawaiians are defined as descendants of the indigenous people who inhabited the Hawaiian Islands at the time that Captain Cook landed in 1778.
He named the group “the Sandwich islands” (in honor of the Earl of Sandwich). This name lasted until King Kamehameha I united the islands under his rule in 1819 as the “Kingdom of Hawai’i.”.
In 1768, when Captain James Cook set sail on the first of three voyages to the South Seas, he carried with him secret orders from the British Admiralty to seek ‘a Continent or Land of great extent’ and to take possession of that country ‘in the Name of the King of Great Britain’.
On January 18, 1778, the English explorer Captain James Cook becomes the first European to travel to the Hawaiian Islands when he sails past the island of Oahu. Resolution and Discovery and in 1778 made his first visit to the Hawaiian Islands.
Hawaiian, any of the aboriginal people of Hawaii , descendants of Polynesians who migrated to Hawaii in two waves: the first from the Marquesas Islands , probably about ad 400; the second from Tahiti in the 9th or 10th century.
Cook was attacked and killed in 1779 during his third exploratory voyage in the Pacific while attempting to kidnap the Island of Hawaii’s monarch, Kalaniʻōpuʻu, in order to reclaim a cutter stolen from one of his ships.
Was Captain Cook really eaten by cannibals? No – the Hawaiian Islanders who killed Captain Cook were not cannibals. They believed that the power of a man was in his bones, so they cooked part of Cook’s body to enable the bones to be easily removed.
The voyage lasted almost three years. The year following his return Cook set out on a second voyage of the Pacific, which lasted from 1772 to 1775.
First voyage In May 1768 Cook was promoted to the rank of lieutenant and given command of the bark Endeavour. He was instructed to sail to Tahiti to observe the transit of Venus in 1769 and also to ascertain whether a continent existed in the southern latitudes of the Pacific Ocean.
The second voyage of James Cook , from 1772 to 1775, commissioned by the British government with advice from the Royal Society, was designed to circumnavigate the globe as far south as possible to finally determine whether there was any great southern landmass, or Terra Australis.