Montana’s primary crop is wheat. In addition to the list below, other crops grown in Montana include apples, canola, potatoes, dry beans, field peas, flax, grapes, garlic, lentils, safflowers, mustard, squash, alfalfa, and many more.
Numerous vegetables prefer our cool nights and soil: spinach, carrots, peas, lettuces, beets , and green beans to name a few. Just don’t waste your time on tomatoes unless you are stubborn or wish to prove you can defy all odds.
Bur oak is Montana’s only native oak .
For the Fall: Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin , around October 1. When to Plant Vegetables in Billings, Montana .
|Sow seeds indoors||n/a|
|Transplant seedlings into the garden||May 4 – May 25|
|Direct sow seeds||n/a|
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Growing fruit trees can also be a rewarding hobby. Hardy varieties of apple, apricot , cherry , pear , plum , and plum – cherry trees do well in Southwest Montana. We carry select varieties for our high altitude and short growing season.
We’ve compiled a list of the most productive vegetable crops to grow in a cold weather climate. Carrots. the hardest thing about carrots to me, is the seeds are tiny, tiny, tiny, so spreading them out is difficult. Beets. Potatoes. Green beans. Sweet peas. Broccoli. Radishes. Lettuce.
Most melons prefer a climate like Arizona’s; they have no chance in Montana . When you are checking “days to maturity” on the seed packet, remember that it refers to melons growing in ideal conditions. Here, where growing conditions are never ideal, add more days before you can expect to see the first melon.
The good news is even in Montana’s short season, practically anyone can grow this prolific and scrumptious fruit. Although we typically enjoy over 100 frost free days, cool nights on either end of the growing season slow down tomato development so, unless you have a penchant for fried green tomatoes , choose wisely.
Blueberries are not easy to grow in Montana , but, it can be done if care is taken to amend the soil and protect them. Because blueberries are native where the soils are acidic (pH 4.5 to 5.5), it helps to grow them in containers where the soil mix can be controlled.
Our favorites include dahlias, cosmos, snapdragons, ranunculus, strawflower, lisianthus, scabiosa, amaranthus, lilacs, columbine, peonies, lupine and salvia. We love Montana wildflowers and native flowers , blooming branches, and herbs like basil and mint.