Farmers in the Middle Colonies were the most prosperious of all. They grew wheat , barley , oats, rye , and corn . The Middle Colonies were often called the “breadbasket” because they grew so much food. Wheat could be ground to make flour, and both wheat and flour could be sold in other colonies or in Europe.
New York’s Jobs were : Industries, cattle raising, shipbuilding, farming, and ironworks. Consequently, what was traded in the New York colony ? Trade in the New York Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork.
In 1702, the two parts were combined and New Jersey was made a royal colony. New York In 1664, King Charles II gave New York as a proprietary colony to The Duke of York, the future King James II. James was quickly able to seize New Amsterdam , a colony founded by the Dutch. He renamed this colony New York.
Major industries of colonial New York rotated between manufacturing ( shipbuilding and iron works), Agriculture (grain, wheat, cattle, rice, and indigo). These industries were important because of good farmland, timber, furs and coal.
The harvests gathered by colonial farmers included an expansive number of crops: beans, squash, peas, okra, pumpkins, peppers, tomatoes, and peanuts. Maize (corn ), and later rice and potatoes were grown in place of wheat and barley which were common European crops that did not take readily to eastern American soil.
The middle colonies included Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. In contrast to the South where the cash crop plantation system dominated, and New England whose rocky soil made large-scale agriculture difficult, The middle colonies were fertile.
The New York Colony was not dominated by a specific religion and residents were free to worship as they chose. There were Catholics, Jews, Lutherans , and Quakers among others. Natural resources in the New York Colony included agricultural land, coal, furs, forestry (timber), and iron ore.
Although the children of New Netherland worked hard, they also found time for fun and games. Children rolled hoops, played leapfrog, jumped rope, and played ninepins, a form of bowling. Quieter activities included card games, dice, backgammon, and ticktack, a game similar to tic-tac-toe.
Duke of York
13 Original Colonies . 1st American Colony – Virginia. 2nd American Colony – New York. 3rd American Colony – Massachusetts. 4th American Colony – Maryland. 5th American Colony – Rhode Island. 6th American Colony – Connecticut. 7th American Colony – New Hampshire .
Following its capture, New Amsterdam’s name was changed to New York , in honor of the Duke of York , who organized the mission. The colony of New Netherland was established by the Dutch West India Company in 1624 and grew to encompass all of present-day New York City and parts of Long Island, Connecticut and New Jersey.
Trade in the New York Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Other industries included the production of iron ore, hemp, iron bars, horses, lumber, coal, textiles, furs and shipbuilding.
During the American Revolutionary War, the British troops occupied New York City in 1776. The Crown promised freedom to slaves who left rebel masters, and thousands moved to the city for refuge with the British.
In short, the leading industries in New York are not just driving the state’s economy; they are leading the charge on a national and global scale. Financial Services. Health Care. Professional and Technical Services. Retail Trade. Manufacturing. Educational Services.