Everyone knows that immigrants came through Ellis Island to settle in America, but where did they go before that? The answer is Castle Garden , now known as the Castle Clinton National Monument, on the southern tip of Manhattan.
The immigrant waited on the island at the spot for the specific railway agency (a marked area) who then took them on the ferry to the railway station. There were several railway stations depending on destination. Immigrants that should travel further to New England took the ferry to Manhattan .
The story of ancestors arriving through Ellis Island is a popular one and although New York was the port of choice for millions of immigrants, many also traveled through Baltimore, Boston, Philadelphia, New Orleans, and other U.S. ports.
New German settlements were established in Yorkville around 3rd Avenue and 86th Street and across the East River in Queens, where Steinway and Sons built a piano factory and company town in the 1870s.
Not all immigrants who sailed into New York had to go through Ellis Island . First- and second-class passengers submitted to a brief shipboard inspection and then disembarked at the piers in New York or New Jersey, where they passed through customs. Only two percent of all immigrants were denied entrance into the U.S.
Where can I find Immigration Records ? We have immigration records for arrivals to the United States from foreign ports between approximately 1820 and 1982. The records are arranged by Port of Arrival. Familysearch.org is a free site.
To begin with, let’s look at the four types of immigration status that exist: citizens, residents, non -immigrants and undocumented.
But it was the last examination that was the most feared: the doctor’s inspections of the eyelids and eyes for evidence of trachoma. A chronic infection of the eye, trachoma is now easily treated with a single dose of an antibiotic.
Those over the age of 16 who cannot read 30 to 40 test words in their native language are no longer admitted through Ellis Island . Nearly all Asian immigrants are banned.
Between 1870 and 1900, the largest number of immigrants continued to come from northern and western Europe including Great Britain, Ireland, and Scandinavia. But “new” immigrants from southern and eastern Europe were becoming one of the most important forces in American life.
Passenger Arrival Lists Immigrants could have entered the United States at many different ports . The major ports of entry were New York, Baltimore, Boston, Philadelphia, and New Orleans.
European Waves The next period, called the first wave of immigration , was from 1680 to about 1776 where Scots-Irish and Germans were the major immigrant groups. After, the War of Independence, there was not much immigration until 1820.
The majority of immigrants in Germany are from Eastern Europe, Southern Europe and the Middle East. The German Government has been keen to encourage immigration over the past 50 years, to address the low birth rate in the country.
Pennsylvania has the largest population of German-Americans and is home to one of the group’s original settlements, Germantown in 1683. The state has 3.5 million people claiming German ancestry — more than in Berlin. Allegheny County, which includes Pittsburgh, has 348,979 German-Americans , according to the census.
In the middle half of the nineteenth century, more than one-half of the population of Ireland emigrated to the United States . So did an equal number of Germans . Most of them came because of civil unrest, severe unemployment or almost inconceivable hardships at home.