October 27, 1997
There are 4 main types of euthanasia, i.e., active, passive, indirect, and physician-assisted suicide .
Death with dignity laws, also known as physician-assisted dying or aid-in- dying laws, stem from the basic idea that it is the terminally ill people, not government and its interference, politicians and their ideology, or religious leaders and their dogma, who should make their end-of-life decisions and determine how
2006. January 17 – U.S. Supreme Court votes 6 to 3 to uphold the Oregon physician- assisted suicide law in the case Gonzales v. Oregon, ruling that former AG John Ashcroft overstepped his authority in seeking to punish doctors who prescribed drugs to help terminally ill patients end their lives.
Oregon , 546 U.S. 243 (2006), was a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court which ruled that the United States Attorney General cannot enforce the federal Controlled Substances Act against physicians who prescribed drugs, in compliance with Oregon state law, to terminally ill patients seeking to end their lives, often
Forms of euthanasia Active and passive euthanasia . In active euthanasia a person directly and deliberately causes the patient’s death. Voluntary and involuntary euthanasia . Voluntary euthanasia occurs at the request of the person who dies. Indirect euthanasia. Assisted suicide .
Why people want euthanasia Psychological factors that cause people to think of euthanasia include depression, fearing loss of control or dignity, feeling a burden, or dislike of being dependent.
DNR for any untreatable or incurable condition before an established death process is a form of passive euthanasia .
Dignity : From the Latin word dignitas, meaning “to be worthy.” As in: All people have the right to be recognized for their inherent humanity and treated ethically. Dignity is a given . You just have it and no one can take it away .
To be able to die with grace and peace .” “ Death with Dignity means being able to take that final choice out of the hands of the doctors and putting it squarely in my hands. There is something extremely comforting in knowing that I am in control of my future and my end of life decision.”
Dignity is associated with worth or esteem. It is an attribute for a human being or the action of a human being. therefore Death can not have dignity . Dying can be dignified because dying is the action of a human being but not death .
In Oregon v . Gonzales , the Court found that the Attorney General not only lacked legal authority to regulate medical practice but concluded that, if anything, the CSA denied him the very power he claimed.