In 1846, religious tensions reached their peak, and in 1848 mobs burned the Latter-day Saint temple in Nauvoo. During the winter of 1846–47, Latter-day Saint leaders in Winter Quarters and Iowa laid plans for the migration of the large number of Saints, their equipment, and their livestock.
The settlement of Utah by Anglo-Saxons was commenced in July, 1847, when Brigham Young , president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , lead the Saints to settle what is now Salt Lake City, a group consisting of 143 men, 3 women and 2 children.
The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. Along their way, some were assigned to establish settlements and to plant and harvest crops for later emigrants.
Joseph Smith Sr.
The Deseret State
state of Deseret
The Mormon Trail broke south just to the west of the Continental Divide, and it terminated to the southeast of the Great Salt Lake , in what is today Salt Lake City . The route was designated a national historic trail by the U.S. National Park Service. Mormons on their trek from Illinois to Utah, 1846. 5 дней назад
The journey along the Mormon Trail (as it later became known) was treacherous, and many pioneers were met with disaster. Rattlesnakes, blizzards, confrontations with Native Americans, and starvation were just a few of the challenges they faced.
Utah is known for having some of the best skiing in the country, and the mountains near Salt Lake City receive an average of 500 inches of snow per year. During the 19th century many Mormons settled in Utah , and today approximately 60 percent of state’s residents are members of the church.
68% of the population are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints with the remainder having no religious affiliation (24%) or Catholic (4%). This is in stark contrast to Salt Lake City where the percentage of the population that identifies as Mormon is 35%.